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Monkey Couch Guardian 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 

Written By: Mark Frauenfelder 



f TOOLS: 



Computer with free Arduino software (1) 
download from http://arduino.cc 

Drill or high-speed rotary tool (1) 

Soldering iron with solder (optional) (1) 
from RadioShack. You could twist the 
wire connections together and tape 
them, but soldering is more secure. 



© PARTS: 



Arduino Uno microcontroller (1) 
from RadioShack. 

Cymbal-banging monkey toy (1) 
such as Westminster Toys Magic Toy 
Monkey 

PIR proximity sensor (1) 
from RadioShack. 

Servo cable, 3-wire. with "JR"-style 
female connectors (optional) (1) 
or similar 3-pin cable with 0. 1 " spacing. 
You can also use hookup wire with a 3- 
pin female header. 

Relay. SPDTM) 
from RadioShack. 

Solderless breadboard (1) 
from RadioShack. 

Hookup wire. 22 AWG (1) 
from RadioShack. 

Enclosure Box (1) 

from RadioShack. You could also use a 



cigar box or other enclosure. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 



LED (optional) (1) 
from RadioShack. 

Resistor. 220Q (optional) (1) 
from RadioShack. 

Toggle Switch (optional) (1) 
from RadioShack. 

9V battery (optional) (1) 
from RadioShack. 

9V battery snap connector (optional) (1) 
from RadioShack. 

DC power barrel connector (optional) (1) 
from RadioShack. 

Tape, adhesive, double sided (1) 

Cable ties (2) 

USB cabled) 
from RadioShack. 



SUMMARY 

My cats like to jump on furniture and shed their fur, which ends up on my clothes. To stop 
them, I'm using a Monkey Couch Guardian. I made it from one of those old-fashioned 
cymbal-banging toy monkeys, modified with an inexpensive Arduino microcontroller and a 
proximity sensor. Now when a cat jumps on a table, couch, or bed, the Monkey Couch 
Guardian makes lots of noise, encouraging the cat to seek a quieter resting place. 

I'll show you how to make a simple PIR (passive infrared) sensor circuit to attach to a 
battery-powered, cymbal-banging monkey. You can use anything you like for an enclosure 
for the circuit. (I think a cigar box does nicely.) 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 





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• The first thing you'll want to do is download the code for the Monkey Couch Guardian from 
makezine.com/go/monkeycode . 

• Open the code in the Arduino IDE software (free from arduino.cc ) and upload it to the 
Arduino, using a standard USB cable. 

• Unplug the USB cable from the Arduino before proceeding. 




To tap into your monkey's power supply, just connect 2 wires across the battery terminals 
in the monkey (I used yellow wire). I soldered the wires into the little metal contacts that 
press against the batteries. You could also tape them, but there's not a lot of room, and 
soldering will make the connections stronger. The polarity doesn't matter. 

I also removed and discarded a small metal strip that was attached to the switch, because 
it isn't needed. Your monkey may vary. 

Test the connections by touching the other ends of the wires together. The monkey should 
start banging his cymbals and screeching when the wires touch. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 




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• Here's a schematic diagram that gives you an overview of the circuit, along with a layout 
diagram that shows how it's breadboarded. I made both diagrams in Fritzing ; the 
schematic is redrawn here for clarity. 

• The diagrams show a motor and a 3V battery supply. Both of these are inside the 
monkey. 

• The relay on the breadboard replaces the switch on the monkey. I took apart the switch on 
the monkey in order to connect wires to it. 

• You can power the Arduino with USB power, with an AC adapter, or with battery power. I 
recommend battery power, as it makes the system portable. Here's a good tutorial that will 
show you how to make a 9-volt battery supply . You can easily add an SPST toggle switch 
to one of the wires of the DC plug, which will make it easy to power the system on and off. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 




• This is the SPDT 5V DC relay. It has 5 pins on it. You'll only be using 4 of them, which I've 
marked A-D. 

• Insert the relay into a solderless breadboard, straddling the center trench. On the 
breadboard I'm using here, pin A goes into hole e22, pin B to e21 , pin C to f21 , and pin D to 
e17. Your breadboard might be set up differently. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 





• The PIR sensor has 3 pins that fit a 
standard 3-wire servo extension 
cable. (Some vendors sell the 
sensor with a cable included .) You 
can also use plain hookup wire 
soldered to a 3-pin female header 
with standard 0.1" breadboard pin 
spacing. 

• Connect the red wire to the 5V 
power header on the Arduino, and 
connect the black wire to Ground in 
the same block of power pins. 
Connect the signal wire (in my 
case, yellow) to pin 12. 

• Add a jumper wire (I used orange) 
to Arduino pin 13 and another wire 
(I used red, and I know I ideally 
should have used black) to the 
Ground pin next to it. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 





• Connect the Ground jumper wire 
(red here) to hole d21 on the 
breadboard (relay pin B). 

• Connect pin 13's jumper wire 
(orange) to hole d22 (relay pin A) 





• Attach one of the yellow wires to breadboard hole j21 (relay pin C), and the other to d17 
(relay pin D). It doesn't matter which goes to which. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 







Solder a 220Q resistor to the anode (positive) terminal of the LED. The anode is the longer 
of the 2 wires emanating from the LED. 

Solder a 6" length of red hookup wire to the resistor, and a 6" length of black wire to the 
LED's cathode. 

Insert the red wire into the 3V header on the Arduino, and the black wire to Gnd on the 
Arduino. 





Apply power to the Arduino, and 
test the circuit. 

If the PIR sensor detects motion, 
the Arduino will trigger the relay 
and the monkey will activate for 5 
seconds, then go quiet for at least 
15 seconds before re-arming. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 



Step 10 — Make the enclosure. 





I used a cigar box for my first enclosure. You can use the RadioShack enclosure specified 
in the Parts list, or use any enclosure you like that will hold the breadboard and Arduino. 

Mount the PIR sensor on the front of the enclosure. For extra credit, mount a toggle switch 
to power on the circuit and an LED to indicate that the power is on (see Steps 3 and 9). 



TIP: A 3/16" hole makes a tight fit for a standard 5mm LED. 



* 



Secure the Arduino, breadboard, and battery on the floor of the enclosure so that the wiring 
won't come undone when the monkey jiggles the box. The breadboard has adhesive 
backing; you can use adhesive tape or hot glue for the other bits. 



Step 11 — Secure the monkey. 




Attach the monkey on top of the enclosure. You can use zip ties, sticky velcro tape, or 
whatever works for your enclosure. 

Here we drilled 4 holes in the lid and zip-tied the monkey's legs in place. 



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Monkey Couch Guardian 



Step 12 — Guard that couch! 






• When the Monkey Couch Guardian is switched on, any motion within about 20 feet will 
trigger the PIR sensor. The monkey will start shrieking and clanging his cymbals, scaring 
away any unwanted furry intruders. 

• Aim your monkey's PIR sensor strategically so that it detects motion only in the forbidden 
areas. Experiment with masking the sensor with tape, or partially blocking it with objects. 
Then you can leave it on, and walk past it without the monkey harassing you! 

This document was last generated on 201 2-1 0-30 08:1 7:1 5 PM. 



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